Contact toxicity of a commercial bacterial fermentation insecticide, spinosad, to adults of eight stored-product beetles was evaluated on four different surfaces. Aqueous spinosad suspension was sprayed with an airbrush to 30.5-cm2 surfaces of concrete, galvanized steel, unwaxed floor tile, or waxed floor tile to obtain deposits of 0.05 or 0.1 mg (AI)/cm2. Control surfaces were sprayed with distilled water. Approximately 24 h after distilled water or spinosad application, 30 adult beetles were confined, by species, to each untreated and spinosad-treated surface. Insects on surfaces were exposed for 24 h to assess knockdown at 25 ± 1°C and 50 ± 10% RH, and then were held on food for an additional 24 h to assess mortality. Knockdown and mortality of each insect species on all four surfaces were significantly greater on spinosad-treated surfaces than on distilled water-treated surfaces. Knockdown and mortality of all species on all surfaces was similar at the two spinosad deposit levels. Except for Tribolium spp., mortality of all other species exposed to spinosad was 99–100%. Tribolium spp. were highly susceptible to spinosad on concrete (98–100% mortality); however, on unwaxed floor tile, steel, and waxed floor tile recovery on food after knockdown resulted in only 72–92% mortality. Our results suggest that spinosad has excellent contact activity against adults of stored-product insects, especially on concrete, and has potential for use as a general surface, spot, or crack/crevice spray to control insects in empty bins, warehouses, food-processing facilities, and retail stores.
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Vol. 96 • No. 6