The effects of azadirachtin/Neemazal on adults, emergence, and life table parameters of Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal were studied. The adults were exposed to fresh residues of the insecticide applied on glass plates. Based on the dose–response study, the LC50 value was 1,330 ppm or 13.3 μg (AI)/ml. The effect of Neemazal on three developmental stages of the parasitoid was tested by dipping parasitized Sitotroga cerealella (Olivier) and Cydia pomonella (L.) eggs at the field-recommended concentration 3, 6, and 9 d after parasitization corresponding to larval, prepupal, and pupal stages. The emergence of adult parasitoids was adversely affected in both hosts, but the adverse effect was more in S. cerealella eggs compared with C. pomonella. The adult emergence was reduced by 73.3 and 33.76% in Sitotroga and Cydia eggs compared with controls, respectively. Longevity and progeny production of the emergent adults did not differ significantly from control. Neemazal affected stable population parameters (rm, T, and DT) significantly. The intrinsic rate of increase for the control and Neemazal-exposed populations was 0.340 and 0.335 female offspring per female per day, respectively. Because some of postemergence life table parameters of adults were significantly reduced by the insecticide treatment, emergence rate of the parasitoid from treated eggs is not an adequate measure of ecological selectivity, and field studies are needed to determine the actual impact of neem on T. cacoeciae.
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Vol. 97 • No. 3