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1 April 2005 Yield Response and Categories of Resistance to Russian Wheat Aphid in Four Dn4 Hard Red Winter Wheat Cultivars
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A field experiment was conducted to determine whether resistance to Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko), conferred by the Dn4 gene is affected by genetic background. This was done by comparing the yield responses to Russian wheat aphid-resistant wheat containing Dn4, derived through the backcross method, to those of the corresponding recurrent parents. Infested resistant cultivars had fewer Russian wheat aphids per tiller than infested susceptible cultivars at the Lamar and Fort Collins, CO sites but not at the Akron, CO site. At the Lamar site, resistant cultivars yielded more than the susceptible cultivars. ‘Prairie Red’ and ‘Yumar’ were more resistant than ‘Prowers’, especially at the higher infestation level. Resistance in these cultivars was categorized in a laboratory experiment to confirm this differential expression of resistance. Resistance in Prairie Red, ‘Halt’, ‘Prowers 99’, and Yumar was categorized at three plant growth stages. Antibiosis was expressed as reductions in maximum number of nymphs produced per 24 h and intrinsic rate of increase. The maximum number of nymphs produced per 24 h was reduced in Halt and ‘Lamar’. Averaged over cultivars, the intrinsic rate of increase was less at jointing than at the seedling or tillering growth stages. Tolerance was expressed in the resistant cultivars as reduced chlorosis and leaf rolling. Growth reductions in infested Prowers 99 plants was less than the other cultivars. This study confirms that some cultivars containing Dn4 may express antibiosis and tolerance, whereas others may not show the same categories. Thus, expression is affected by genetic background.

Terri L. Randolph, Frank B. Peairs, Michael Koch, Cynthia B. Walker, Jesse R. Stubbs, James S. Quick, and Scott D. Haley "Yield Response and Categories of Resistance to Russian Wheat Aphid in Four Dn4 Hard Red Winter Wheat Cultivars," Journal of Economic Entomology 98(2), 588-594, (1 April 2005).
Received: 9 December 2003; Accepted: 1 November 2004; Published: 1 April 2005

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