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1 April 2006 Spatial Pattern and Sequential Sampling of Squash Bug (Heteroptera: Coreidae) Adults in Watermelon
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Abstract

Spatial distribution patterns of adult squash bugs were determined in watermelon, Citrullus lanatus (Thunberg) Matsumura and Nakai, during 2001 and 2002. Results of analysis using Taylor’s power law regression model indicated that squash bugs were aggregated in watermelon. Taylor’s power law provided a good fit with r2 = 0.94. A fixed precision sequential sampling plan was developed for estimating adult squash bug density at fixed precision levels in watermelon. The plan was tested using a resampling simulation method on nine and 13 independent data sets ranging in density from 0.15 to 2.52 adult squash bugs per plant. Average estimated means obtained in 100 repeated simulation runs were within the 95% CI of the true means for all the data. Average estimated levels of precision were similar to the desired level of precision, particularly when the sampling plan was tested on data having an average mean density of 1.19 adult squash bugs per plant. Also, a sequential sampling for classifying adult squash bug density as below or above economic threshold was developed to assist in the decision-making process. The classification sampling plan is advantageous in that it requires smaller sample sizes to estimate the population status when the population density differs greatly from the action threshold. However, the plan may require excessively large sample sizes when the density is close to the threshold. Therefore, an integrated sequential sampling plan was developed using a combination of a fixed precision and classification sequential sampling plans. The integration of sampling plans can help reduce sampling requirements.

Mahmut Dogramaci, James W. Shrefler, Kristopher Giles, and J. V. Edelson "Spatial Pattern and Sequential Sampling of Squash Bug (Heteroptera: Coreidae) Adults in Watermelon," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(2), 559-567, (1 April 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.2.559
Received: 26 February 2005; Accepted: 1 October 2005; Published: 1 April 2006
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