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1 October 2006 Improved Dry-Fleshed Sweetpotato Genotypes Resistant to Insect Pests
D. Michael Jackson, J. R. Bohac
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Abstract

Thirty-five mostly dry-fleshed sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. (Convolvulaceae), genotypes from the USDA–ARS/Clemson University sweetpotato breeding program were evaluated in nine field experiments at the U.S. Vegetable Laboratory, Charleston, SC, from 1998 to 2004. There were highly significant entry effects for percentage of uninjured roots; wireworm, Diabrotica, and Systena (WDS) index; percentage of roots damaged by sweetpotato weevil, Cylas formicarius elegantulus (Summers); percentage of roots damaged by sweetpotato flea beetle, Chaetocnema confinis Crotch); and percentage of roots damaged by white grub larvae (primarily Plectris aliena Chapin). The susceptible control, ‘SC1149-19’, had a significantly lower percentage of uninjured roots, a significantly higher WDS rating, and higher percentage infestations of flea beetle, grubs, and sweetpotato weevils than all other sweetpotato entries in this study. Twenty-seven genotypes had significantly less insect damage than ‘Beauregard’, the leading commercial orange-fleshed cultivar in the United States. In addition, 11 genotypes had significantly less insect injury than ‘Picadito’, a commercial boniato-type sweetpotato grown extensively in southern Florida. Overall, no genotypes were more resistant to soil insect pests than the resistant checks ‘Sumor’ and ‘Regal’. Many of the advanced dry-flesh sweetpotato genotypes had high levels of resistance to soil insect pests, and they represent a useful source of advanced germplasm for use in sweetpotato breeding programs.

D. Michael Jackson and J. R. Bohac "Improved Dry-Fleshed Sweetpotato Genotypes Resistant to Insect Pests," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(5), 1877-1883, (1 October 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.5.1877
Received: 20 December 2005; Accepted: 1 June 2006; Published: 1 October 2006
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