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1 October 2006 Influence of Instar and Commodity on Insecticidal Effect of Two Diatomaceous Earth Formulations Against Larvae of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)
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Abstract

Laboratory experiments were carried out to evaluate the insecticidal effect of two diatomaceous earth (DE) formulations, SilicoSec and PyriSec, against larvae of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Three instars were tested: first, third and fifth. The test was conducted in six commodities: barley Hordeum vulgare (L.) (Gramminae), rye Secale cereale L. (Gramminae), wheat Triticum sp. (Gramminae), wheat 10% cracked wheat, wheat 30% cracked wheat, and wheat flour. Quantities of these commodities were treated with the DEs at three dose rates: 250, 500, and 1000 ppm. Mortality of the exposed larvae on the DE-treated commodities was measured after 7 d of exposure. For both Des, mortality increased with dose, but this increase was lower when dose was increased from 500 to 1,000 ppm. The type of the commodity significantly affected DE effectiveness. Both DEs were equally effective on barley, rye, and wheat, whereas the presence of cracked wheat reduced larval mortality. In addition, significantly fewer larvae were dead on treated flour compared with the other five commodities. The increase of larval age significantly affected DE effectiveness. First instars were very susceptible to both DEs, and mortality with 1,000 ppm exceeded 86%. In contrast, fifth instar were the least susceptible to DEs, because mortality with 1000 ppm was <22%.

Christos G. Athanassiou "Influence of Instar and Commodity on Insecticidal Effect of Two Diatomaceous Earth Formulations Against Larvae of Ephestia kuehniella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)," Journal of Economic Entomology 99(5), 1905-1911, (1 October 2006). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-99.5.1905
Received: 27 April 2005; Accepted: 1 March 2006; Published: 1 October 2006
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