Since 2003, four new biotypes of the Russian wheat aphid, Diuraphis noxia (Kurdjumov) (Homoptera: Aphididae), RWA2–RWA5, have been discovered that have the ability to damage most of the wheat germplasm resistant to the original Russian wheat aphid population (RWA1). Barley germplasm lines with resistance to RWA1 have not yet been evaluated against the newest biotypes. Our study compared how biotypes RWA1–RWA5 affected the growth and leaf damage of RWA1-resistant germplasm (STARS 9301B, STARS 9577B), moderately resistant germplasm (MR-015), and susceptible varieties (Schuyler, Harrington, and Morex) under greenhouse conditions. Russian wheat aphid population levels also were determined 14 d after plant infestation. STARS 9301B exhibited strong resistance by showing only small differences in leaf damage and growth parameters from the feeding by the biotypes. STARS 9577B showed greater differences in damage by the Russian wheat aphid biotypes than STARS 9301B, yet, the ratings were still within the resistant category (e.g., chlorosis rating 2.3–4.9). Leaf chlorosis ratings for MR-015 ranged from 5.0 to 6.9 and fell within the moderately resistant to susceptible categories for all the biotypes. The greatest difference in leaf chlorosis occurred in Morex where RWA2 showed less virulence than the other biotypes. Feeding by the Russian wheat aphid biotypes produced only small differences in leaf rolling and plant growth within plant entries. Population levels of the Russian wheat aphid biotypes did not differ within barley entries (n = 610–971) at the termination of the study (14 d). From our research, we conclude that the new Russian wheat aphid biotypes pose no serious threat to the key sources of resistance in barley (STARS 9301B and 9577B).
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Vol. 99 • No. 6