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23 April 2019 Biological Activity of Trichilia americana (Meliaceae) on Copitarsia decolora Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
Rodolfo Figueroa Brito, Elyda Hernández Miranda, Víctor Rogelio Castrejón Gómez
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Abstract

The biological activity of extracts from Trichilia americana (Sesse and Mocino) T.D. Penn. (rind), Carica papaya L., Jatropha curcas L., Ricinus communis L., and Lupinus campestris Schldl. & Cham. (seeds), at 1% and 5%, were evaluated on neonates of Copitarsia decolora Guenée in ingestion bioassays. The plants that caused the highest percentage of larval mortality were T. americana at 1% and 5%, and Carica papaya at 5% with 98% and 100% and 100%, respectively. Trichilia americana was the plant with higher toxicological properties against C. decolora. Extracts in hexane, ethyl acetate, acetone, and methanol from T. americana were then evaluated at 10, 100, 300, and 1,000 ppm also in ingestion bioassays against C. decolora. Extracts of ethyl acetate and acetone at 1,000 ppm recorded the highest percentages of larval mortality of C. decolora (90% and 55%, respectively). In addition to larval mortality, feeding on T. americana extract also decreased mean larval weight, prolonged duration of the larval stage, resulted in malformed pupae and adults, and affected adult fertility and fecundity. Finally, these extracts were evaluated in a toxicity model, for which the crustacean Artemia salina Leach was used. The ethyl acetate, acetone, and hexane extracts showed no toxicity to A. salina, while the methanol extract caused 30% mortality, which is considered to be slightly toxic. Based on the results obtained, T. americana is a species with insecticidal and insectistatic activity against C. decolora and can be considered as a potential insecticide for the management of this or other insect pests.

Rodolfo Figueroa Brito, Elyda Hernández Miranda, and Víctor Rogelio Castrejón Gómez "Biological Activity of Trichilia americana (Meliaceae) on Copitarsia decolora Guenée (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)," Journal of Entomological Science 54(2), 131-149, (23 April 2019). https://doi.org/10.18474/JES18-28
Received: 4 March 2018; Accepted: 15 July 2018; Published: 23 April 2019
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KEYWORDS
biopesticides
Copitarsia decolora
plant extracts
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