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1 July 2003 Lek mating behavior of the Sooty-capped Hermit (Phaethornis augusti) in the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela
Carol L. Ramjohn, Floyd B. Lucas, Floyd E. Hayes, Shane T. Ballah, Nicholla C. Johnson, Keisha M. Garcia
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Abstract

We provide the first description of lek mating behavior in the Sooty-capped Hermit (Phaethornis augusti) based on four days of observation of unmarked birds at a lek in the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela. A minimum of six presumed males displayed within an area of 2835 m2. Males displayed from an average of 2.5 perches per male located 1.10–2.25 m above ground on understory plant stems 2.5–4.0 cm thick. While present within the lek, hermits spent 75.9% of their time perched singing, 20.0% perched silent, 1.0% perched preening, 0.2% flying alone, 2.0% flying with a conspecific (in a chase), and 0.9% fighting with a conspecific. Lekking activity appeared to be most intense in the early morning and late afternoon, and least intense during mid-morning. The song comprised a squeaky phrase of about five syllables delivered by displaying males at an average of 27.7 songs (maximum of 33) per min. The behavioral displays resembled those of other lekking species of Phaethornis.

Carol L. Ramjohn, Floyd B. Lucas, Floyd E. Hayes, Shane T. Ballah, Nicholla C. Johnson, and Keisha M. Garcia "Lek mating behavior of the Sooty-capped Hermit (Phaethornis augusti) in the Paria Peninsula of Venezuela," Journal of Field Ornithology 74(3), 205-209, (1 July 2003). https://doi.org/10.1648/0273-8570-74.3.205
Received: 3 July 2002; Accepted: 1 October 2002; Published: 1 July 2003
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KEYWORDS
lekking behavior
Phaethornis augusti
Sooty-capped Hermit
Venezuela
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