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1 March 2007 Transport and Mixing Between the Coastal and Offshore Waters in the Great Lakes: a Review
Yerubandi R. Rao, David J. Schwab
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The Laurentian Great Lakes of North America have horizontal scales of hundreds of kilometers and depth scales of hundreds of meters. In terms of coastal dynamics, they behave much like inland seas and exhibit physical processes characteristic of the coastal oceans. The lakes are dynamically similar to the coastal ocean in that their horizontal dimensions are larger than the vertical dimensions, and the principal source of mechanical energy is the wind. The major difference in dynamical processes is that the lakes are enclosed basins and are not connected to the deep ocean. This paper presents an overview of some of the significant aspects of physical processes in the coastal zones of the Great Lakes. The review is based on examples ranging from lake-wide experiments like the International Field Year on the Great Lakes (IFYGL) to several process-oriented coastal boundary layer experiments. The basic circulations in the nearshore zone and coastal boundary layer are summarized. The review concludes with suggestions for future work on the understanding of the physical processes that would have a bearing on lake management in the coastal zones of the Great Lakes.

Yerubandi R. Rao and David J. Schwab "Transport and Mixing Between the Coastal and Offshore Waters in the Great Lakes: a Review," Journal of Great Lakes Research 33(1), 202-218, (1 March 2007).[202:TAMBTC]2.0.CO;2
Received: 28 April 2006; Accepted: 5 December 2006; Published: 1 March 2007

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coastal boundary layer
coastal exchanges
episodic events
nearshore circulation
thermal bar
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