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1 December 2007 Observations of Sediment Transport in Lake Erie during the Winter of 2004–2005
Nathan Hawley, Brian J. Eadie
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Time series measurements of current velocity, wave action, and water transparency were made at two sites—one in 24 m of water and the other in 53 m—in Lake Erie during the fall and winter of 2004–2005. The observations at the shallow site show that bottom resuspension occurred several times during the deployment. Although local resuspension did not occur at the deeper station, several advection episodes were observed. The storms during the observation period were not unusually large, so the processes observed are probably typical of those that occur on a yearly basis. The observations agree reasonably well with previous estimates for both the bottom shear stress during storms, and for the critical shear stress needed to resuspend bottom sediment, but previous estimates of the particle settling velocity are probably too low, while previous estimates of the sediment entrainment rate are too high. The results show that bottom material in the central basin is reworked numerous times before it is finally buried. Deposition in the eastern basin is a more continuous process, but the events observed were not sufficient to match the long-term accumulation rate, so deposition at this site is probably also due in part to larger, more infrequent storms.

Nathan Hawley and Brian J. Eadie "Observations of Sediment Transport in Lake Erie during the Winter of 2004–2005," Journal of Great Lakes Research 33(4), 816-827, (1 December 2007).[816:OOSTIL]2.0.CO;2
Received: 7 March 2007; Accepted: 19 July 2007; Published: 1 December 2007

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Lake Erie
sediment resuspension
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