This 12-year study of Hexagenia male imagos documents the recovery of two species of burrowing mayflies, Hexagenia limbata and Hexagenia rigida in western Lake Erie after a 30-year absence due to hypoxia, resulting from cultural eutrophication. Annual adult mayfly collections were made at night during the peak emergence period at four sites along the north shore of the western basin of Lake Erie, 1997 to 2008. H. rigida, the dominant species in upstream riverine waterbodies, was the early colonizer, representing about 90% of all male imagos sampled in 1997. In 2000, when the two species were co-dominant, both inland aerial dispersal (5.5 km) and lakeward (0.25 to 4 km) oviposition patterns confirmed species co-existence. Twice weekly collections throughout the extended emergence period at one site confirmed that H. rigida was the dominant species in 1997, H. limbata and H. rigida were co-dominant in 2000, and H. limbata was dominant in 2002. Once H. limbata became the dominant species (>90%) in 2000 to 2002 (depending on the site), it remained so. Both species followed a similar inland dispersal pattern, decreasing in density with increasing distance from shore; most mayflies were present within 1 km from shore. There was no significant difference in mean egg density of the two species among the sites extending lakeward in 2000 when the two species were equally abundant. The transition from the dominance of H. rigida to H. limbata may have resulted from several factors, including differential competition and growth between species or predation effects.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 36 • No. 2