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28 December 2021 Two new species of Peromyscus (Cricetidae: Neotominae) from the Transverse Volcanic Belt of Mexico
Robert D. Bradley, Nicté Ordóñez-Garza, Cody W. Thompson, Emily A. Wright, Gerardo Ceballos, C. William Kilpatrick, David J. Schmidly
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Abstract

Specimens of the Peromyscus boylii species group distributed in the western and northeastern montane regions of Michoacán, México, historically have been assigned to P. levipes. Previous studies indicated that these specimens possessed mitochondrial DNA haplotypes that were distinct from both P. levipes and P. kilpatricki, a recently named species in the P. boylii species group from northeastern Michoacán and western Morelos. Herein karyotypic, DNA sequence, and morphological data were analyzed from those populations to evaluate their taxonomic affinity. Karyotypic data indicated that individuals from western Michoacán (Dos Aguas and Aguililla) and from a newly discovered population in northeastern Michoacán (Zinapécuaro) were chromosomally similar to P. carletoni (FN = 68) but distinct from other taxa assigned to the P. boylii species group. Analyses of cranial characteristics indicated that, relative to other species in the P. boylii species group, two morphologically distinct groups were present that corresponded to the Dos Aguas/Aguililla and Zinapécuaro populations, respectively. The latter population, although represented by a small sample size (n = 5 specimens), appeared to exhibit some trenchant morphological distinctions compared with other cryptic species in the P. boylii group. Phylogenetic analyses (parsimony, Bayesian, and likelihood) of DNA sequences obtained from the mitochondrial cytochrome-b gene indicated that although the individuals from Dos Aguas/Aguililla and Zinapécuaro formed a sister group relationship, they formed monophyletic clades that differed genetically (2.54%)—a level approaching that seen between other sister species of Peromyscus. Further, the Dos Aguas/Aguililla and Zinapécuaro clade was more closely aligned with a clade containing representatives of P. carletoni and P. levipes instead of with those from closer geographic proximities (P. kilpatricki) located in eastern Michoacán. Together, these results indicated that these two populations seemingly represent two undescribed species in the P. boylii species group for which we propose the names Peromyscus greenbaumi for populations in western Michoacán (circa Dos Aguas and Aguililla) and Peromyscus ensinki for populations in northeastern Michoacán (circa Zinapécuaro).

Robert D. Bradley, Nicté Ordóñez-Garza, Cody W. Thompson, Emily A. Wright, Gerardo Ceballos, C. William Kilpatrick, and David J. Schmidly "Two new species of Peromyscus (Cricetidae: Neotominae) from the Transverse Volcanic Belt of Mexico," Journal of Mammalogy 103(2), 255-274, (28 December 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyab128
Received: 5 August 2021; Accepted: 17 October 2021; Published: 28 December 2021
KEYWORDS
cariotipo
citocromo-b
cryptic species
cytochrome-b gene
especies crípticas
grupo de especies P. boylii
karyotype
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