Translator Disclaimer
1 February 2003 DAILY PATTERNS AND DURATION OF WOLF ACTIVITY IN THE BIAŁOWIEŻA FOREST, POLAND
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

We studied the influence of human activity, hunting of prey by wolves, reproduction, and weather conditions on daily patterns and duration of activity of 11 radiotracked wolves (Canis lupus) in the Białowieża Forest (Poland) from 1994 to 1999. On average, wolves were active 45.2% ± 0.9 SE of the time and traveled 0.92 ± 0.05 km/h. The mean length of activity bouts was 0.76 ± 0.05 h, whereas inactivity bouts averaged 1.02 ± 0.07 h. Wolves were active throughout the day, but their activity peaked at dawn and dusk, which coincided with periods when they killed most prey. Periods of reproduction and high temperatures had less pronounced effects on activity patterns. Human activity and other factors did not significantly affect the wolves' daily activity patterns. The influence of humans may be indirect if hunting of ungulates by humans modifies activity patterns of the wolves' prey. We conclude that the daily activity patterns of wolves in our study area were mainly shaped by their pattern of hunting prey.

Jörn Theuerkauf, Włodzimierz Jędrzejewski, Krzysztof Schmidt, Henryk Okarma, Ireneusz Ruczyński, Stanisław Śnieżko, and Roman Gula "DAILY PATTERNS AND DURATION OF WOLF ACTIVITY IN THE BIAŁOWIEŻA FOREST, POLAND," Journal of Mammalogy 84(1), 243-253, (1 February 2003). https://doi.org/10.1644/1545-1542(2003)084<0243:DPADOW>2.0.CO;2
Accepted: 17 May 2002; Published: 1 February 2003
JOURNAL ARTICLE
11 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top