In prey-rich environments, leopard survival is ensured by an energy-maximizing, prey-selective strategy through which the leopard obtains the maximum amount of energy as food for the minimum amount of energy expended in hunting. In prey-poor environments, like the southern Kalahari, this is impossible. These leopards must use other strategies for survival. One strategy is maximizing the number of prey without selection for species. Hunger motivates hunting in all leopards, but in the prey-poor southern Kalahari it is hypothesized that female leopards with cubs must develop additional strategies to increase their own survival and that of their cubs. This study shows that these females increase their hunting success and expend less energy in hunting than other leopards by moving shorter distances before making a kill and by regularly killing a high frequency of those types of smaller prey that are more easy to kill. Motherhood therefore motivates female leopards with cubs to hunt more efficiently than other leopards in the prey-poor southern Kalahari.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.