Voss et al. (this issue) took issue with our paper on a new species of Tapirus (Cozzuol et al. 2013), claiming that the evidence we presented was not “extraordinary” enough to support a new species of large mammal in the Amazon. We agree that a new large mammal species attracts more attention than a new smaller species; however, there is no real scientific reason for evidence requirements to be stricter due to animal size or popularity. We believe our evidence was sufficient to propose a new species and in this paper we counter point by point the objections raised by our colleagues. We revisit the phylogenetic analyses of molecular data, the multivariate analyses of morphometric data, the qualitative character differences, and indigenous knowledge.
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Vol. 95 • No. 4