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1 January 2000 Relationship Between Weights of the Engorged Nymphal Stage and Resultant Sexes in Ixodes scapularis and Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) Ticks
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Abstract

The relationship between weights of the nymphal stage and their resultant sexes in Ixodes scapularis Say and Dermacentor variabilis (Say) was examined under laboratory conditions. Nymphs were fed to repletion on laboratory white mice, weighed individually, and held until they molted. Fully engorged I. scapularis nymphs that subsequently molted to females weighed between 3.8 and 6.4 mg (n = 64). Those nymphs that molted to males weighed between 2.0 and 3.2 mg (n = 57). Body weights of engorged nymphs that became females were significantly greater than those of nymphs that became males (P < 0.05). Similarly, the range of body weights of engorged D. variabilis nymphs that subsequently became females was 9.1–15.1 mg (n = 32), whereas those nymphs that molted to males weighed between 3.9 and 13.0 mg (n = 39). Body weights of engorged nymphs that became females were significantly greater than those of nymphs that became males (P < 0.05). This suggests that nymphs of both species that become females presumably imbibe more blood than those that became males.

Renjie Hu and Wayne A. Rowley "Relationship Between Weights of the Engorged Nymphal Stage and Resultant Sexes in Ixodes scapularis and Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) Ticks," Journal of Medical Entomology 37(1), 198-200, (1 January 2000). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585-37.1.198
Received: 4 January 1999; Accepted: 1 June 1999; Published: 1 January 2000
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