Host-seeking females of Aedes albifasciatus (Macquart) were collected from April to September 1997, kept under seminatural conditions, and offered sugar solution and blood. Daily survival of females ranged from 0.91 to 0.96, with blood fed females living longer than sugar fed females. Overall, 43% of engorged females completed a gonotrophic cycle, and 15% of them refed and completed a second gonotrophic cycle. The life expectancy of females emerging at the end of summer was longer than those that emerged during winter. Immature developmental time and the developmental threshold were estimated by regression. Embryo development was recorded during autumn, winter, and spring, with a duration of 5–9 d. The developmental threshold for eggs was estimated to be 2.28°C. Egg mortality varied from 0.51 to 0.74. The development time for larva and pupa was between 16 and 29 d and was significantly correlated with temperature. The developmental threshold for larvae and pupae was estimated to be 4.75°C. A greater proportion of females than males emerged when temperatures averaged ≤18°C. Larval and pupal mortality was high at temperatures below the developmental threshold. Aedes albifasciatus females remained gonotrophically active and immature development continued during winter in Córdoba (10°C isotherm).
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Vol. 38 • No. 2