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1 November 2001 Electron Microscopic Observations on Wound-Healing in Larvae of the Mosquito Armigeres subalbatus (Diptera: Culicidae)
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The wound-healing processes in the mosquito Armigeres subalbatus (Coquillett) were observed with electron microscopy. The initial reaction involved wound contraction and aggregation of injured surface tissues, cell debris and movement of granulocytes toward the wound. Granulocytes first aggregated around the surface of the wound and many filamentous filopodia protruded to connect with cytoplasmic strands. These strands were then interconnected to form a network coagulum resulting in wound closure to prevent body fluid loss. Granulocytes lysed on the wound-site and released granular materials around the wound, inducing localized clot formation. These results suggested that wound-healing in this mosquito species involved both humoral and cellular reactions. The latter reaction involved the movement of plasmatocytes to the basement membrane of the epidermis beneath the wound-site and epithelial cells regeneration. Our observations revealed that wound-healing in A. subalbatus involves the wound contraction, formation of a temporary cellular clump, scar formation, basement membrane formation, and reepithelialization. The larvae neither discarded the wound scar nor secreted a new cuticle until the next molting. Based on the ultrastructural observations, it is suggested that the wound-healing reaction in A. subalbatus was probably a typical response employed by other members of the family Culicidae.

Shih-Chan Lai, Cheng-Chen Chen, and Roger F. Hou "Electron Microscopic Observations on Wound-Healing in Larvae of the Mosquito Armigeres subalbatus (Diptera: Culicidae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 38(6), 836-843, (1 November 2001).
Received: 14 December 2000; Accepted: 1 June 2001; Published: 1 November 2001

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