The storage mite, Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank), is an important source of airborne allergens, especially on farms. Three insect growth regulators (halofenozide, pyriproxyfen, hexaflumuron), one botanical insecticide (azadirachtin) and one naturalyte (spinosad) were tested to assess their efficacy against this mite. The organophosphate chlorpyrifos was used as a standard. Immature stages and adults were treated with different concentrations of the chemicals in diet-incorporation bioassays. All chemicals significantly increased the developmental time of immature stages at doses higher than 1,000 ppm. Pyriproxyfen and halofenozide yielded mortality rates of immature stages similar to that obtained with chlorpyrifos, with values near 100% at 10,000 ppm. At 1,000 ppm, only halofenozide significantly increased the mortality of immature stages. Similarly, adult survival and fecundity were significantly reduced with halofenozide at 1,000 ppm, whereas it required 10,000 ppm of chlorpyrifos to obtain a significant reduction in survival and fecundity, with no effect observed with pyriproxyfen. This data suggests that halofenozide could be a good alternative for the control of T. putrescentiae in farming environments.
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Vol. 40 • No. 4