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1 November 2003 Seasonal Abundance and Blood Feeding Activity of Anopheles minimus Theobald (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand
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Anopheline mosquito larvae and adults were sampled at Ban Pu Teuy, Tri-Yok District, Kanchanaburi Province, western Thailand, from January 2000 to December 2001. Over the period of 2 yr, Anopheles minimus sensu lato was the most commonly collected species, followed by Anopheles swadiwongporni and Anopheles dirus sensu lato; all three species are important vectors of malaria in Thailand. Attempted blood feeding by An. minimus occurred throughout the night, with two distinct feeding peaks: strong activity immediately after sunset (1800–2100 hours), followed by a second, less pronounced, rise before sunrise (0300–0600 hours). Anopheles minimus were more abundant during the wet season compared with the dry and hot seasons, although nocturnal adult feeding patterns were similar. Anopheles minimus fed readily on humans inside and outside of houses, showing a slight preference for exophagy. The human-biting peak of An. minimus in our study area differed from other localities sampled in Thailand, indicating the possible existence of site-specific populations of An. minimus exhibiting different host-seeking behavior. These results underscore the importance of conducting site-specific studies to accurately determine vector larval habitats and adult activity patterns and linking their importance in malaria transmission in a given area.

Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap, Atchariya Prabaripai, Michael J. Bangs, and Boonserm Aum-Aung "Seasonal Abundance and Blood Feeding Activity of Anopheles minimus Theobald (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand," Journal of Medical Entomology 40(6), 876-881, (1 November 2003).
Received: 2 November 2002; Accepted: 1 May 2003; Published: 1 November 2003

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