We performed a series of experiments to determine if human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from a healthy donor and dendritic cells (NHDCs) derived from these PBMCs reacted to molecules in a scabies extract. PBMCs extravasate from the circulatory system and enter tissues such as scabietic lesions, where monocytes become macrophages. Cells were cultured in medium alone or medium containing 50 μg/ml of Sarcoptes scabiei (SS) extract, 50 ng/ml E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or SS LPS together. Supernatants were collected and assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for specific cytokines. PBMCs stimulated with SS or LPS exhibited moderately upregulated production of interleukin (IL)-1β and huge increases in secretions of IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α. Cells co-stimulated with both SS and LPS generally secreted more of these cytokines than cells stimulated with either SS or LPS alone. LPS induced a small amount of IL-1α secretion, whereas SS did not, and neither additive resulted in the production of IL-10. NHDCs did not produce IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, or IL-10 in response to stimulation with SS. These cells did produce IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in response to LPS. When cells were co-stimulated with both LPS and SS, the production of IL-6 and IL-8 was significantly reduced compared with the levels secreted after LPS stimulation alone. These studies show that molecules in a whole body extract of S. scabiei modulate the function of PBMCs (probably monocytes) and dendritic cells.
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Vol. 41 • No. 1