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1 September 2004 Patterns of Exochorion Ornaments on Eggs of Seven South American Species of Lutzomyia Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae)
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The patterns of exochorion ornaments on eggs of seven South American Lutzomyia sand fly species were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM): Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) cruzi (Mangabeira 1938), Lutzomyia (Micropygomyia) evandroi (Costa Lima and Antunes 1936), L. (Nyssomyia) intermedia (Lutz and Neiva 1912), L. longipalpis (Lutz and Neiva 1912), L. migonei (França 1920), L. (Nyssomyia) neivai (Pinto 1926), and L. renei (Martins, Falcão, and Silva 1957). Different patterns were observed, which showed the distinction between some species. Egg ornaments in L. cruzi and L. longipalpis appear as single, parallel, unconnected ridges, whereas eggs of L. migonei appear as single, parallel, connected ridges. Eggs of L. (Nyssomyia) intermedia and L. (N.) neivai present a new variation of the single, unconnected, parallel ridges pattern: small tubercles are present, distributed between the ridges. Eggs of L. renei present an elliptical pattern, with most structures connected by straight ridges. Eggs of L. (M.) evandroi present a polygonal pattern, with alternate rows of small and large hexagons. Our data emphasize the advantages of the SEM approach in the study of the exochorion patterns of Lutzomyia eggs and in the distinction of the sand fly species.

Danielle Nogueira de Almeida, Rodrigo da Silva Oliveira, Beatriz Gomes Brazil, and Maurilio José Soares "Patterns of Exochorion Ornaments on Eggs of Seven South American Species of Lutzomyia Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae)," Journal of Medical Entomology 41(5), 819-825, (1 September 2004).
Received: 31 March 2003; Accepted: 1 November 2003; Published: 1 September 2004

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