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1 May 2005 Attraction of Culex pipiens/restuans (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes to Bird Uropygial Gland Odors at Two Elevations in the Niagara Region of Ontario
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Abstract

In an effort to determine whether female Culex pipiens L. and Culex restuans Theobald mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) are attracted to crow, Corvus brachyrhynchus, uropygial gland secretions, CDC miniature light traps (baited with CO2 but with the lights removed) were placed at ≈1.5- and 5-m elevations, in 10 trees in a woodlot near Niagara Falls, Canada. These traps were assigned either a bird odor or a blank control. Bird odors were created by attaching cotton swabs coated with crow uropygial gland secretions to the trap intake. A significantly greater number of Cx. pipiens/restuans were found in the 5-m traps compared with 1.5-m traps, with a significant number attracted to the bird odor over the no odor traps at the 5-m elevation, but not at 1.5 m. We also found more Aedes vexans (Meigen) in the 1.5-m traps than the 5-m traps; however, presence or absence of bird odor did not influence the distribution of Ae. vexans.

Curtis B. Russell and Fiona F. Hunter "Attraction of Culex pipiens/restuans (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes to Bird Uropygial Gland Odors at Two Elevations in the Niagara Region of Ontario," Journal of Medical Entomology 42(3), 301-305, (1 May 2005). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2005)042[0301:AOCRDC]2.0.CO;2
Received: 28 April 2004; Accepted: 10 December 2004; Published: 1 May 2005
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