The complete cDNA sequence encoding a Boophilus microplus (Canestrini) (Acari: Ixodidae) acetylcholinesterase (AChE3) was expressed in the baculovirus system. The recombinant AChE3 protein (rBmAChE3) was secreted as a soluble form into the cell culture medium and was identified as a functional AChE by substrate specificity and by inhibition with the AChE-specific inhibitors eserine sulfate and BW284c51. Inhibition kinetics of rBmAChE3, in the presence of the organophosphate paraoxon, revealed sensitivity comparable with that of adult, organophosphate-susceptible neural AChE. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the cloning and successful expression of a functional ixodid AChE.
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Vol. 43 • No. 4