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1 November 2008 Susceptibility of Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to Infection with Epidemic (Subtype IC) and Enzootic (Subtypes ID, IIIC, IIID) Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex Alphaviruses
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Abstract

To test the hypothesis that enzootic and epidemic Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) complex alphaviruses can infect and be transmitted by Ae. aegypti, we conducted a series of experimental infection studies. One set of experiments tested the susceptibility of geographic strains of Ae. aegypti from Peru and Texas (USA) for epidemic (subtype IC) and enzootic (subtype ID) strains from Colombia/Venezuela, whereas the second set of experiments tested the susceptibility of Ae. aegypti from Iquitos, Peru, to enzootic VEE complex strains (subtypes ID, IIIC, and IIID) isolated in the same region, at different infectious doses. Experimental infections using artificial bloodmeals suggested that Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, particularly the strain from Iquitos, Peru, is moderately to highly susceptible to all of these VEE complex alphaviruses. The occurrence of enzootic VEE complex viruses circulating endemically in Iquitos suggests the possibility of a dengue-like transmission cycle among humans in tropical cities.

Diana I. Ortiz, Wenli Kang, and Scott C. Weaver "Susceptibility of Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) to Infection with Epidemic (Subtype IC) and Enzootic (Subtypes ID, IIIC, IIID) Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex Alphaviruses," Journal of Medical Entomology 45(6), 1117-1125, (1 November 2008). https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-2585(2008)45[1117:SOAADC]2.0.CO;2
Received: 23 November 2007; Accepted: 9 June 2008; Published: 1 November 2008
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