Certain forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. actively maintain malaria transmission in the driest areas and months of the year because of considerable drought tolerance. We monitored desiccation resistance of F1 offspring of both the M and S forms of field-collected An. gambiae s.s. Our results indicate that the geographic cline in the distribution of the two forms, as observed in Mali, corresponds to a physiological difference in response to arid environments. In addition, female mosquitoes survived significantly longer than males, enhancing the vector competence for the malaria parasite. Our study supports a genetic link to the drought tolerance phenotype, a phenotype with important consequences to malaria transmission in many places in Africa.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 46 • No. 2