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1 May 2010 Culex Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Egg Laying in Traps Loaded with Bacillus thuringiensis Variety israelensis and Baited with Skatole
Rosângela M. R. Barbosa, Lêda Regis, Roberto Vasconcelos, Walter S. Leal
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Abstract

The Southern house mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus, is an important human health pest as a vector of several pathogens, including agents of lymphatic filariasis and arboviruses like West Nile virus. We conducted preliminary experiments in Recife, Brazil, to explore applications of Culex oviposition attractants in combination with Bacillus thuringiensis variety israelensis (Bti) in an attract-and-kill approach. Simple, cost-effective oviposition traps, BR-OVT, loaded with Bti and baited with or without attractant, were deployed in 10 homes for 30 d in 2 consecutive yr. Significantly higher numbers of egg rafts were deposited in traps baited with skatole or infusion than the control water traps. In the first year, 2006, significantly higher numbers of eggs were deposited in infusion-baited traps, particularly in the first 15 d of the experiment, than in skatole traps, but in the following year no significant difference was observed between synthetic and natural attractants. The tests strongly demonstrate that skatole or infusion can be used to enhance the number of egg rafts deposited on Bti-treated oviposition traps.

© 2010 Entomological Society of America
Rosângela M. R. Barbosa, Lêda Regis, Roberto Vasconcelos, and Walter S. Leal "Culex Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) Egg Laying in Traps Loaded with Bacillus thuringiensis Variety israelensis and Baited with Skatole," Journal of Medical Entomology 47(3), 345-348, (1 May 2010). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME09241
Received: 29 September 2009; Accepted: 1 March 2010; Published: 1 May 2010
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