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1 May 2011 Diversity and Coexistence of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Central Germany
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Abstract

In total, 1,000 Ixodes ricinus L. ticks were collected from a small recreational forest area in central Germany (Thuringia) and investigated for the presence of Borrelia spp., Babesia spp., Anaplasma spp., Rickettsia spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Francisella tularensis. Overall, 43.6% of the ticks were infected with at least one pathogen. In 8.4% of ticks double infections were detected, and 1.6% harbored more than two pathogens. In this study, we present data on the coexistence of established and emerging pathogens in questing nymphs and adult ticks in a recreational area in central Germany, indicating the need for further studies for a reliable risk assessment.

© 2011 Entomological Society of America
Anke Hildebrandt, Jan Franke, Gernot Schmoock, Katharina Pauliks, Angela Krämer, and Eberhard Straube "Diversity and Coexistence of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Central Germany," Journal of Medical Entomology 48(3), (1 May 2011). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME10254
Received: 24 November 2010; Accepted: 1 March 2011; Published: 1 May 2011
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