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1 July 2013 First Description of the Immature Stages and Redescription of the Adults of Cosmiomma hippopotamensis (Acari: Ixodidae) with Notes on Its Bionomics
Dmitry A. Apanaskevich, Jane B. Walker, Heloise Heyne, J. Dürr Bezuidenhout, Ivan G. Horak
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Abstract

Cosmiomma hippopotamensis (Denny, 1843) is one of the most unusual, beautiful, and rare tick species known to the world. All stages of this species possess a unique morphology, on the one hand making them easy to identify, while on the other they exhibit similarities to certain species of Amblyomma Koch, 1844, Dermacentor Koch, 1844, and Hyalomma Koch, 1844. Adults of C. hippopotamensis have been collected on only two occasions from their hosts, namely Hippopotamus amphibius L. and Diceros bicornis (L.), and have been recorded from only a few widely separated localities in East and southern Africa. Here, the larva and nymph are described and illustrated for the first time, while the male and female are illustrated and redescribed. Data on hosts, geographic distribution, and life cycle of C. hippopotamensis are also provided.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Dmitry A. Apanaskevich, Jane B. Walker, Heloise Heyne, J. Dürr Bezuidenhout, and Ivan G. Horak "First Description of the Immature Stages and Redescription of the Adults of Cosmiomma hippopotamensis (Acari: Ixodidae) with Notes on Its Bionomics," Journal of Medical Entomology 50(4), 709-722, (1 July 2013). https://doi.org/10.1603/ME12271
Received: 11 December 2012; Accepted: 1 May 2013; Published: 1 July 2013
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