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1 September 2013 Effects of Compaction and Wetting of Laterite Cover Soil on Development and Survival of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)Immatures
Nurita Abu Tahir, Abu Hassan Ahmad
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Effects of laterite cover soil with different characteristics on survival of buried eggs, third instar larvae, and pupae of Musca domestica (L.) were studied experimentally. Soil treatments were loose dry soil, loose wet soil, compacted dry soil, and compacted wet soil (CWS). Eggs, third instar larvae, and pupae were buried under 30 cm of the different soil treatments and placed under field conditions until adults emerged. Rearing medium was provided for eggs and larvae, and control treatments of all stages were unburied immatures placed on soil surface. Egg and pupal survival to adult were significantly affected by the cover soil treatments, but third instars were more resilient. Wet soil treatments (loose wet soil and CWS) resulted in significantly reduced pupal survival, but increased survival of eggs. However, CWS significantly reduced adult emergence from buried eggs. Though emergence of house flies buried as eggs was significantly reduced, some were able to hatch and emerging first instar larvae developed to pupation. Although cover soil does not completely prevent fly emergence, it did limit development and emergence of buried house flies.

© 2013 Entomological Society of America
Nurita Abu Tahir and Abu Hassan Ahmad "Effects of Compaction and Wetting of Laterite Cover Soil on Development and Survival of Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae)Immatures," Journal of Medical Entomology 50(5), 999-1002, (1 September 2013).
Received: 16 February 2012; Accepted: 1 March 2013; Published: 1 September 2013

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