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1 November 2015 Loss of in Vitro Efficacy of Topical Commercial Acaricides on Rhipicephalus microplus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) from Antioquian Farms, Colombia
Jonathan M. Puerta, Jenny J. Chaparro, Anderson Lopez-Arias, Sara Arias Arroyave, David Villar
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Abstract

In Antioquia, the problems to control Rhipicephalus microplus (Canestrini, 1888) tick infestations have spread and ranchers claim conventional treatments are no longer effective. In this study, the in vitro efficacy of commercial topical products was tested with ticks obtained from two dairy farms in Antioquia with severe repeated infestations. About 800 engorged ticks were collected directly from animals in two separate visits at the beginning and end of the same month. The adult immersion test was used, which exposed groups of 40 ticks from each collection at the recommended concentration for five commercial products and combinations for 5 min. Efficacy was determined by comparing the reproductive index (fecundity × fertility) of each treated group to that of the control group. The values of all reproductive parameters obtained with ticks from the two collection dates were very similar. Cypermethrin (150 ppm) and amitraz (208 ppm) separately showed very low efficacies of only 10–20% at one farm, and zero at the other. The combination of chlorpyrifos cypermethrin was the only product with an efficacy >50% at both farms and field observations corroborated to be still capable of eliminating infestations. Exposure to fluazuron at concentrations ranging from 0.05 to 500 ppm for 1 min reduced fertility in all groups by ≥99%, as would be expected for very susceptible strains. However, reduction of oviposition only occurred at the 500 ppm concentration. In conclusion, there is a high degree of resistance to all products tested except for fluazuron.

© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
Jonathan M. Puerta, Jenny J. Chaparro, Anderson Lopez-Arias, Sara Arias Arroyave, and David Villar "Loss of in Vitro Efficacy of Topical Commercial Acaricides on Rhipicephalus microplus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) from Antioquian Farms, Colombia," Journal of Medical Entomology 52(6), 1309-1314, (1 November 2015). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjv129
Received: 15 April 2015; Accepted: 4 August 2015; Published: 1 November 2015
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