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14 August 2016 Development of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvae Under Different Laboratory Conditions
A. Puggioli, M. Carrieri, M. L. Dindo, A. Medici, R. S. Lees, J.R.L. Gilles, R. Bellini
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Abstract

Critical to successful application of the sterile insect technique against Aedes albopictus (Skuse) is the development of an efficient and standardized rearing protocol to be employed in the mass production system. In this study, several life history traits of Ae. albopictus were analyzed to identify upper and lower thresholds of larval density and diet concentration. Survival to pupation, time to pupation, and sex ratio were evaluated under a range of larval densities (0.5–5 larvae/ml) and food levels (0.05–1.6 mg/larva/d) using two larval diets (one locally developed; one developed by the FAO/IAEA). The larvae reared at 28 °C, at a density of 2 larvae/ml and receiving a food dose equal to 0.6 mg/larva/d of a diet consisting of 50% tuna meal, 50% bovine liver powder (the FAO/ IAEA diet), and, as an additive, 0.2 g of Vitamin Mix per 100 ml of diet solution, developed in 5 d and had 90% survival to the pupal stage. With this rearing regime male pupae production 24 h after the onset of pupation was the highest; these pupae were ∼94% male.

© The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
A. Puggioli, M. Carrieri, M. L. Dindo, A. Medici, R. S. Lees, J.R.L. Gilles, and R. Bellini "Development of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Larvae Under Different Laboratory Conditions," Journal of Medical Entomology 54(1), 142-149, (14 August 2016). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjw127
Received: 10 February 2016; Accepted: 19 July 2016; Published: 14 August 2016
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KEYWORDS
Aedes albopictus
development time
larval rearing
sterile insect technique
survival rate
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