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9 December 2019 Geographical Distribution of Aedes aegypti aegypti and Aedes aegypti formosus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Kenya and Environmental Factors Related to Their Relative Abundance
K. Futami, H. Iwashita, Y. Higa, P. A. Lutiali, G. O. Sonye, C. Mwatele, S. M. Njenga, N. Minakawa
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Abstract

The mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) is the primary vector of various infectious viruses and is typified by a polymorphic color and abundance of white scales on the body. It has been conventionally separated into two subspecies, Ae. aeg. formosus (Walker) (Aaf) and Ae. aeg. aegypti (L.) (Aaa), with Aaf considered a ‘sylvan' form and Aaa a ‘domestic’ form. Because the two subspecies show different susceptibilities to dengue viruses it is important to understand their distribution. In this study, we collected larvae from artificial and natural habitats in southern Kenya and reared them to adults to morphologically identify subspecies. We describe the geographical distribution and relative abundance of Aaa and Aaf in Kenya, and estimate the environmental factors associated with their distributions by GIS using climate and environment data. A total of 5,243 Ae. aegypti adults were collected from 249 sites, with Aaa accounting for 22% of the specimens. The relative abundance of Aaa was higher in coastal areas versus sites in western Kenya. Aaa abundance was also higher in urbanized than forested areas, which is consistent with known ecology. In contrast and inconsistent with previous studies, both Aaa and Aaf were sympatric in artificial and natural habitats. The high relative abundance of Aaa in coastal areas might derive from old populated cities, climate, and/or introduction from abroad.

© The Author(s) 2019. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
K. Futami, H. Iwashita, Y. Higa, P. A. Lutiali, G. O. Sonye, C. Mwatele, S. M. Njenga, and N. Minakawa "Geographical Distribution of Aedes aegypti aegypti and Aedes aegypti formosus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Kenya and Environmental Factors Related to Their Relative Abundance," Journal of Medical Entomology 57(3), 772-779, (9 December 2019). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjz233
Received: 10 June 2019; Accepted: 18 November 2019; Published: 9 December 2019
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