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17 August 2020 Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Biomes in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil
Suellem Petilim Gomes Barrios, Luciana Escalante Pereira, Aline Etelvina Casaril, Jucelei de Oliveira Moura Infran, Wagner de Souza Fernandes, Elisa Teruyia Oshiro, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati, Gustavo Graciolli, Antônio Conceição Paranhos Filho, Alessandra Gutierrez de Oliveira
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Abstract

The state of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil is an important region of South America regarding leishmaniasis, with the great diversity of sandflies reported since 1938 and wide biodiversity represented by its biomes (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Pantanal). A checklist of sandflies is presented here for the state and respective biomes. The data base was compiled from primary and secondary data. The primary data collection involved automatic light traps at Miranda–Abobral Pantanal subregion and in subregion Baixa Nhecolância of Pantanal.The secondary data were obtained from entomology scientific collections and a literature review of articles from 1938 to 2019, including entomological museum collections. A total of 71 species were reported, belonging to 14 genera and 13 subgenera, in 61 municipalities of the state, including the type locality of 9 species, and the first report of Lutzomyia cruzi (Mangabeira 1938), vector of Leishmania infantum (Nicolle 1937), in the Pantanal region of Miranda–Abobral. Other vector species, Bichromomyia flaviscutellata (Mangabeira 1942), Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva 1912), Nyssomyia antunesi (Coutinho 1939), Nyssomyia intermedia (Lutz & Neiva 1912), Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto 1926), and Nyssomyia whitmani (Antunes & Coutinho 1939), are reported in the entire area of the state. Maps containing the distribution of sandflies on Mato Grosso do Sul biomes were produced.The eclecticism of the species in relation to their ecotypes was observed, with several species using the three biome types as habitats and breeding sites.

© The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Suellem Petilim Gomes Barrios, Luciana Escalante Pereira, Aline Etelvina Casaril, Jucelei de Oliveira Moura Infran, Wagner de Souza Fernandes, Elisa Teruyia Oshiro, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati, Gustavo Graciolli, Antônio Conceição Paranhos Filho, and Alessandra Gutierrez de Oliveira "Phlebotominae (Diptera: Psychodidae) and Biomes in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil," Journal of Medical Entomology 57(6), 1882-1904, (17 August 2020). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjaa127
Received: 2 April 2020; Accepted: 31 May 2020; Published: 17 August 2020
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KEYWORDS
Biome
inventory
leishmaniasis
Pantanal
review
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