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5 July 2021 Relationship Between Scorpion Stings Events and Environmental Conditions in Mainland France
Jules-Antoine Vaucel, Sébastien Larréché, Camille Paradis, Magali Labadie, Arnaud Courtois, Guillaume Grenet, Jérome Langrand, Christine Tournoud, Patrick Nisse, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Corinne Schmitt, Romain Torrents, Gaël Le Roux, Cédric Gil-Jardine, Hatem Kallel, French PCC Research Group
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Abstract

In the world, the impact of environmental conditions on the number of scorpion events was evaluated in North Africa,Middle East, and the Amazonian region but not in Europe. In mainland France, scorpion species described are Buthus occitanus (Amoreux, 1789), Belisarius xambeui (Simon, 1879) and 4 Euscorpiidae: Euscorpius concinnus (Koch, 1837), Euscorpius italicus (Herbst, 1800), Euscorpius tergestinus (Koch, 1837), and Tetratrichobothrius flavicaudis (De Geer, 1778). We aimed to describe the impact of environmental conduction on the number of scorpion events. For this, a retrospective multi-center study was conducted with data from the French poison control centers files about scorpion events between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2020. During the study period, 975 incoming calls for scorpion events were recorded and 574 were related to scorpions native to mainland France and Corsica: B. occitanus (n = 86), Euscorpiidae species (n = 222), B. xambeui (n = 1), and undetermined species (n = 265). Cases were mostly reported along the Mediterranean coast, along rivers, and in cities with a trading port. The number of scorpion events was linked to the rivers' water level, rivers' flow, temperature, sunshine, and pluviometry (P < 0.05 for all variables). B. occitanus need warmest and driest environment than Euscorpiidae spp. A link between the severity of the envenoming and climatic condition or seasonality was not demonstrated.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Jules-Antoine Vaucel, Sébastien Larréché, Camille Paradis, Magali Labadie, Arnaud Courtois, Guillaume Grenet, Jérome Langrand, Christine Tournoud, Patrick Nisse, Jean-Christophe Gallart, Corinne Schmitt, Romain Torrents, Gaël Le Roux, Cédric Gil-Jardine, Hatem Kallel, and French PCC Research Group "Relationship Between Scorpion Stings Events and Environmental Conditions in Mainland France," Journal of Medical Entomology 58(6), 2146-2153, (5 July 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab109
Received: 9 April 2021; Accepted: 19 May 2021; Published: 5 July 2021
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KEYWORDS
ecology & population dynamics
epidemiology
Public Health Entomology
Scorpion
toxicology
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