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27 July 2021 First Detections of Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium and the Netherlands
Isra Deblauwe, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Katrien De Wolf, Nathalie Smitz, Anna Schneider, Arjan Stroo, Frans Jacobs, Adwine Vanslembrouck, Sophie Gombeer, Wouter Dekoninck, Ruth Müller, Wim Van Bortel
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Abstract

Culiseta (Allotheobaldia) longiareolata (Macquart) (Diptera: Culicidae) is an ornithophilic mosquito species that occurs in the southern Palaearctic Region from the Azores to Central Asia, the Ethiopian Region, India, and Pakistan. Although it has a widespread distribution range, the species was only recently reported in Western and Central Europe. Between 2017 and 2020, larvae, pupae, and adults of Cs. longiareolata (n = 161) were found at 13 distinct locations in Belgium (n = 4) and The Netherlands (n = 9). Collected mosquitoes were morphologically identified and the identification was then validated by COI DNA barcoding. These are the first records of the species in the above-mentioned countries. The present results suggest that Cs. longiareolata could be increasing its distribution range in temperate regions, indicating a warming climate. As the species might be a potential vector of bird pathogens (e.g., West Nile virus), its spread in Western Europe is noteworthy.

Graphical Abstract

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© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
Isra Deblauwe, Adolfo Ibáñez-Justicia, Katrien De Wolf, Nathalie Smitz, Anna Schneider, Arjan Stroo, Frans Jacobs, Adwine Vanslembrouck, Sophie Gombeer, Wouter Dekoninck, Ruth Müller, and Wim Van Bortel "First Detections of Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera: Culicidae) in Belgium and the Netherlands," Journal of Medical Entomology 58(6), 2524-2532, (27 July 2021). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjab127
Received: 5 April 2021; Accepted: 21 June 2021; Published: 27 July 2021
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KEYWORDS
climate change
DNA barcoding
mosquito surveillance
new species record
range expansion
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