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21 December 2022 Lethal Effects of Imergard WP, a Perlite-based Dust, on Amblyomma americanum (Ixodida: Ixodidae) Larvae and Nymphs
Allan T. Showler, Jessica L. Harlien
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Abstract

As resistance in economically and medically important ixodids (hard ticks, Ixodida: Ixodidae) to conventional synthetic toxin-based acaricides has become increasingly widespread, research efforts to identify alternative control tactics have intensified. Laboratory bioassays on the lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), as a model for other ixodid species, were conducted to assess the efficiency of Imergard WP perlite-based dust versus CimeXa, a silica gel-based insecticidal product that is highly effective against ixodid larvae and nymphs. Each of the two inert desiccant dusts immobilized A. americanum larvae and nymphs within 4–6 h, and killed 100% of the ixodids by 24 h after contact by brief immersion in dry dusts, and after they crawled ≈7.3 cm across a filter paper disc treated with the dusts. Contact by crawling on a dried aqueous film of the dusts, however, did not immobilize and kill the ixodids by 24 h. Similar to silica gel-based desiccant dust, dry perlite-based Imergard WP dust might prophylactically protect cattle and other animals from medically and agriculturally important ixodid pests. Perlite can potentially be stored indefinitely, it can retain its lethal properties for as long as adequate amounts remain on a substrate, and it might be acceptable for limited application in environmentally sensitive habitats.

Allan T. Showler and Jessica L. Harlien "Lethal Effects of Imergard WP, a Perlite-based Dust, on Amblyomma americanum (Ixodida: Ixodidae) Larvae and Nymphs," Journal of Medical Entomology 60(2), 326-332, (21 December 2022). https://doi.org/10.1093/jme/tjac183
Received: 14 May 2022; Accepted: 14 November 2022; Published: 21 December 2022
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KEYWORDS
acaricide
control
dust
ixodid
lone star tick
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