Gnamptorhynchos, a rhynchonellid-like orthid brachiopod, evolved from Platystrophia in Maysvillian (early Ashgill) time, and survived both the end-Richmondian and end-Hirnantian episodes of the latest Ordovician mass extinction. The name of the type species of Gnamptorhynchos, G. inversum Jin, 1989, is rejected and replaced by Gnamptorhynchos globatum (Twenhofel, 1928), which is a senior synonym. Gnamptorhynchos manitobensis new species is described here from the Selkirk Member (Maysvillian) of the Red River Formation, southern Manitoba. The new species is characterized by a transversely extended, strongly biconvex to globular shell with prominent umbones, relatively numerous costae and a notothyrial cavity supported dorsally by a short median ridge. It constituted part of a Late Ordovician epicontinental fauna that once spread widely in shallow, equatorial seas of North America. The new species is a morphological intermediate between Platystrophia and Gnamptorhynchos, with Platystrophia-like interareas, hingeline, and cardinal process, but Gnamptorhynchos-like shell posterior and notothyrial platform. Previously, Gnamptorhynchos was known from Hirnantian to mid-Aeronian rocks. The new species extends the lower range of the genus to Maysvillian.