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15 April 2020 D-Mannose-Specific Immunoglobulin M in Grass Puffer (Takifugu niphobles), a Nonhost Fish of a Monogenean Ectoparasite Heterobothrium okamotoi, Can Act as a Trigger for Its Parasitism
Shintaro Matsui, Tetsuo Goto, Yura Tsubouchi, Sachi Hirakawa, Hiroaki Suetake, Toshiaki Miyadai, Osamu Nakamura, Satoshi Tasumi, Shigeyuki Tsutsui
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Abstract

Heterobothrium okamotoi, a monogenean gill parasite, exhibits high host specificity for the tiger puffer, Takifugu rubripes, and it has been experimentally verified that the parasite cannot colonize either closely related species such as the grass puffer Takifugu niphobles or distantly related fish such as the red seabream Pagrus major. Previously, we demonstrated in T. rubripes that immunoglobulin M (IgM) with d-mannose affinity induced deciliation of the oncomiracidia, the first step of parasitism, indicating that the parasite utilizes the molecule as a receptor for infection. In the present study, we purified mannose-specific IgM from 2 nonhost species, T. niphobles and P. major, by affinity and gel-filtration chromatography techniques and compared their deciliation-inducing activity against H. okamotoi oncomiracidia. The IgM of the former showed activity, whereas the latter had no effect, suggesting that in addition to d-mannose-binding ability, the crystallizable fragment domain of IgM, which is not part of the antigen-binding domain, plays an important role in host recognition by the oncomiracidia, such as direct binding to the parasites. It also suggests that the host specificity of H. okamotoi is relatively low upon initial recognition, and the specificity is established by exclusion in nonhosts during a later stage.

© American Society of Parasitologists 2020
Shintaro Matsui, Tetsuo Goto, Yura Tsubouchi, Sachi Hirakawa, Hiroaki Suetake, Toshiaki Miyadai, Osamu Nakamura, Satoshi Tasumi, and Shigeyuki Tsutsui "D-Mannose-Specific Immunoglobulin M in Grass Puffer (Takifugu niphobles), a Nonhost Fish of a Monogenean Ectoparasite Heterobothrium okamotoi, Can Act as a Trigger for Its Parasitism," Journal of Parasitology 106(2), 276-282, (15 April 2020). https://doi.org/10.1645/19-21
Published: 15 April 2020
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
deciliation
d-Mannose
Fc Domain
gill
Heterobothrium okamotoi
host recognition
Immunoglobulin M
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