The genus LangeroniaCaballero and Bravo-Hollis, 1949, currently contains 6 species of amphibian trematodes distributed in North and Middle America. The type species of the genus, Langeronia macrocirraCaballero and Bravo-Hollis, 1949, occurs in Mexico and is relatively commonly found as a parasite of leopard frogs. However, information regarding its life cycle is lacking. In this paper, we study the life cycle of L. macrocirra in Laguna Escondida, Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz. Definitive hosts (Rana spp.) as well as potential intermediate hosts (gastropods, bivalves, crustaceans, tadpoles, hemipterans, and odonate naiads) were sampled in the locality and studied to search for the presence of adults and larval stages of the trematode. Specimens were morphologically characterized, and some individuals were sequenced for 1 ribosomal gene (28S rRNA) and 1 mitochondrial gene (COI). DNA sequences of the adults obtained from leopard frogs were matched with those of the larval forms in their intermediate hosts (metacercariae, cercariae, and sporocysts) to demonstrate conspecificity. Further, we conducted a detailed study of the tegument of the body surface with scanning electron microscopy to characterize each of the developmental stages of the life cycle of L. macrocirra.
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Vol. 106 • No. 5