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18 December 2020 The First Report and Description of a New Species of Rhinebothrium from a Dasyatid Stingray from the Brazilian Northeastern Coast with a Review of the Distribution of the Genus Throughout Endemic Marine Ecoregions
Jéssica Vieira Santos, Fernando P. L. Marques, Bruna Trevisan
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Abstract

Here we describe a new species of RhinebothriumLinton, 1890, from Hypanus guttatus (Bloch and Schneider). Rhinebothrium ramosi n. sp. can be differentiated from all 51 valid species of the genus by having 4–5 testes and uterus that extends throughout the entire length of the proglottid. Only 8 of the above species closely resemble R. ramosi in total length (Rhinebothrium bunburyense, Rhinebothrium chollaense, Rhinebothrium corbatai, Rhinebothrium dasyatidis, Rhinebothrium kruppi, Rhinebothrium lintoni, Rhinebothrium margaritense, and Rhinebothrium reydai). Despite the resemblance, R. bunburyense, R. corbatai, R. dasyatidis, R. lintoni, and R. margaritense can be distinguished from the new species by possessing a larger number of proglottids. The remaining 3 species (R. chollaense, R. kruppi, and R. reydai) overlap in total length and number of proglottids with R. ramosi. However, they can be distinguished from the new species by possessing a single posterior-most bothridial loculus instead of arranged as a pair, as found in the new species. This is the first report of the genus from the coastal waters of Brazil and brings to 52 the number of valid species for this genus. Additionally, we use the patterns of infection and distribution for species of Rhinebothrium to make predictions of expected diversity within the genus, especially for unsurveyed hosts in endemic marine ecoregions of the world.

© American Society of Parasitologists 2020
Jéssica Vieira Santos, Fernando P. L. Marques, and Bruna Trevisan "The First Report and Description of a New Species of Rhinebothrium from a Dasyatid Stingray from the Brazilian Northeastern Coast with a Review of the Distribution of the Genus Throughout Endemic Marine Ecoregions," Journal of Parasitology 106(6), 809-817, (18 December 2020). https://doi.org/10.1645/19-194
Published: 18 December 2020
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
Brazil
Cestoda
diversity
Hypanus guttatus
Pattern of Infection
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