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1 April 2000 RESCUE OF SPOROCYSTS OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI IN NONSUSCEPTIBLE BIOMPHALARIA BY HEAD-FOOT TRANSPLANTATION INTO SUSCEPTIBLE SNAILS
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Abstract

To measure the longevity of sporocysts of Schistosoma mansoni in nonsusceptible snails (13-16-R1 and Salvador strains of Biomphalaria glabrata, and Biomphalaria obstructa), the head-foot (HF) of miracidia-exposed snails was transplanted into the hemocoel of a susceptible NIH albino recipient at 1–36 days postexposure (DPE). Recipient snails which were not exposed to miracidia then were monitored for infection transferred by the implant, and infection prevalences in recipients of HF transplants from nonsusceptible donors were compared to those in snails implanted with an HF from NIH albino donors. Transplants from NIH albino snails between 1 to 15 DPE infected 98% of recipients. Similarly, at 1 DPE, 69–85% of transplants from nonsusceptible snails contained viable sporocysts, as shown by resulting patent infections in the recipients. Recipient infection prevalence, and presumably numbers of transplants containing viable sporocysts, declined as a function of DPE, and by 5–9 DPE this decrease was significant for all 3 types of nonsusceptible donors. However, viable sporocysts still occurred in B. obstructa and 13-16-R1 B. glabrata as late as 19 and 20 DPE, respectively, and in Salvador B. glabrata as late as 33 DPE. Thus, sporocysts persist in nonsusceptible snails considerably longer than suggested by results of previous histological studies.

Alicia G. Galvan, Mikaële Paugam, and John T. Sullivan "RESCUE OF SPOROCYSTS OF SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI IN NONSUSCEPTIBLE BIOMPHALARIA BY HEAD-FOOT TRANSPLANTATION INTO SUSCEPTIBLE SNAILS," Journal of Parasitology 86(2), 308-311, (1 April 2000). https://doi.org/10.1645/0022-3395(2000)086[0308:ROSOSM]2.0.CO;2
Received: 22 March 1999; Accepted: 1 October 1999; Published: 1 April 2000
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