A serine proteinase gene was isolated from a cDNA library of Trichinella spiralis muscle larvae at 30 days postinfection (PI). The library was immunoscreened with T. spiralis–infected sera. A clone, designated Ts23-2, contained a cDNA transcript of 1,445 bp that encoded a putative signal peptide of 27 amino acids, a proregion of 20 amino acids, and a predicted mature enzyme of 374 amino acids. The predicted molecular mass of the Ts23-2 mature protein was 42.3 kDa. The enzyme comprised 2 regions, a catalytic domain of 234 residues and a C-terminal domain. The closest homologues of the Ts23-2 mature protein were serine proteinases from a wide range of organisms. The catalytic domain of the Ts23-2 clone was expressed as a proform in Escherichia coli. The recombinant protein cleaved serine proteinase–specific synthetic peptide substrates, and class-specific inhibitors of serine proteinases inhibited the enzymatic activity. Antibody against the Ts23-2 recombinant protein stained proteins migrating at about 51 and 33 kDa in crude extracts from 30-day PI muscle larvae and 18-day PI muscle larvae, but it failed to stain any proteins in crude extracts from newborn larvae and adult worms or in excretory–secretory products from 30-day PI muscle larvae. Production of the mRNA transcript for the Ts23-2 gene was mainly restricted to the 30-day PI muscle larvae, suggesting stage-specific expression. Intense staining with the anti–Ts23-2 serum was found within the parasites at the muscle stage of 30 days PI.
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