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1 April 2011 Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Concurrent Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline Leukemia Virus, and Dirofilaria immitis Infections in Egyptian Cats
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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii and Bartonella spp. are zoonotic pathogens of cats. Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLv) are related to human immunodeficiency virus and human leukemia virus, respectively, and these viruses are immunosuppressive. In the present study, the prevalence of antibodies to T. gondii, Bartonella spp., FIV, as well as FeLv and Dirofilaria immitis antigens was determined in sera from feral cats (Felis catus) from Cairo, Egypt. Using a modified agglutination test, antibodies to T. gondii were found in 172 (95.5%) of the 180 cats with titers of 1∶5 in 9, 1∶10 in 9, 1∶20 in 3, 1∶40 in 5, 1∶80 in 5, 1∶160 in 15, 1∶320 in 22, and 1∶640 or higher in 104. Thus, 57.4% had high T. gondii titers. Antibodies to Bartonella spp. were found in 105 (59.6%) of 178, with titers of 1∶64 in 45, 1∶128 in 39, 1∶256 in 13, 1∶512 in 3, 1∶1,024 in 4, and 1∶2,048 in 1 cat. Antibodies to FIV were detected in 59 (33.9%) of 174 cats. Of 174 cats tested, antigens to FeLv, and D. immitis were detected in 8 (4.6%) and 6 (3.4%) cats, respectively. The results indicate a high prevalence of T. gondii, Bartonella spp., and FIV infections in cats from Cairo, Egypt. This is the first report of Bartonella spp., and D. immitis infection in cats in Egypt.

Y. M. Al-Kappany, M. R. Lappin, O. C. H. Kwok, S. A. Abu-Elwafa, M. Hilali, and J. P. Dubey "Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Concurrent Bartonella spp., Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline Leukemia Virus, and Dirofilaria immitis Infections in Egyptian Cats," Journal of Parasitology 97(2), (1 April 2011). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-2654.1
Received: 20 September 2010; Accepted: 1 October 2010; Published: 1 April 2011
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