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1 December 2011 Human Infections with Dicrocoelium dendriticum in Kyrgyzstan: The Tip of the Iceberg?
Aurelie Jeandron, Laura Rinaldi, Gulnara Abdyldaieva, Jumagul Usubalieva, Peter Steinmann, Giuseppe Cringoli, Jürg Utzinger
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Abstract

Dicrocoelium dendriticum is the causative agent of a rare food-borne zoonosis of the human biliary tract, dicrocoeliasis, for which few human prevalence data are available. Infection occurs through the ingestion of ants containing metacercariae, whereas pseudo-infections (presence of D. dendriticum eggs in stool in the absence of adult worms) are due to the consumption of infected animal liver. Here, results from a cross-sectional survey carried out among 138 children aged 2–15 yr in a peri-urban area of Kyrgyzstan are reported. Each child provided 1 stool sample that was subjected to the FLOTAC technique. Eggs of D. dendriticum were diagnosed in 11 children (prevalence 8.0%; 95% confidence interval 4.5–13.7%). Although no distinction could be made between true and pseudo-infections, the prevailing animal husbandry system and the diet and hygienic conditions of the study area suggest that the social–ecological system in Kyrgyzstan is conducive for human transmission of D. dendriticum. There is a need to investigate the epidemiology of dicrocoeliasis in Kyrgyzstan, placing emphasis on the distinction between true and pseudo-infections.

American Society of Parasitologists
Aurelie Jeandron, Laura Rinaldi, Gulnara Abdyldaieva, Jumagul Usubalieva, Peter Steinmann, Giuseppe Cringoli, and Jürg Utzinger "Human Infections with Dicrocoelium dendriticum in Kyrgyzstan: The Tip of the Iceberg?," Journal of Parasitology 97(6), 1170-1172, (1 December 2011). https://doi.org/10.1645/GE-2828.1
Published: 1 December 2011
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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