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1 January 2019 Responding to Global Warming: Mitigation Policies and Actions of Stakeholders in China's Tourism Industry
Feng Ling, Chen Da, Gao Shan, Wang Yongzhi, Tang Chengcai
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Abstract

China's tourism industry has witnessed rapid progress in recent years, and is now an important part of global tourism in dealing with climate change. Within a framework of Pressure-State-Response (PSR), this paper focuses on the emission reduction pressure, carbon emission status, and responses of stakeholders in China's tourism industry. Findings include: 1) The central government's strategy and rapid growth of the industry scale exert rising pressure on China's tourism to reduce carbon emissions. 2) Carbon emissions of China's tourism account for 13%–14.6% of global tourism, and about 3% of China's emissions overall. Chinese tourists' per capita carbon emission is lower than half of the global level. 3) The Chinese government attaches great importance to energy-saving and carbon emission reduction. In the tourism industry, documents, standards and other regulative measures have been issued to ensure that business practitioners set up green operational and managerial systems. In the field of tourism transportation, China's high-speed rail, new energy vehicles, and urban shared bicycles, have developed very rapidly in recent years, and they have effectively reduced the carbon emissions in traveling. Furthermore, this paper finds that Chinese tourists already have awareness and willingness for low-carbon tourism.

Feng Ling, Chen Da, Gao Shan, Wang Yongzhi, and Tang Chengcai "Responding to Global Warming: Mitigation Policies and Actions of Stakeholders in China's Tourism Industry," Journal of Resources and Ecology 10(1), 94-103, (1 January 2019). https://doi.org/10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2019.01.012
Received: 18 September 2018; Accepted: 10 December 2018; Published: 1 January 2019
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KEYWORDS
China's tourism
global warming
mitigation policies
stakeholders' actions
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