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23 June 2022 Influence of Ice and Snow Sports Participation Experience on Participation Constraints Among Residents in Southern China: A Quantitative Analysis Based on Propensity Score Matching
Fu Lei, Liu Yue, Yang Zhandong
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Abstract

Under the initiative of “encouraging 300 million people to participate in ice and snow sports” and the guidance of the ‘Evidence-based’ policy-making process, this study takes the Hierarchical Model of Leisure Constraints as the theoretical framework to empirically explore the constraints influencing the participation of residents in Southern China in ice and snow sports. After factor analysis, the constraint dimension of residents’ participation was obtained, and the constraints of participants and non-participants were evaluated and compared by Propensity Score Matching (PSM). The results indicate that Chengdu residents have potential interest in and demand for winter sports, and the constraint dimensions are: facilities and services, companions, time, and personal feelings. The predisposition scores of the experimental group and the control group revealed that the constraints on interest, relevant knowledge and skills, and personal feelings of the participating group were significantly lower than those of the non-participating group, while the other constraints were not significant. We suggest that efforts should be made to increase the effective supply according to local conditions in order to reduce structural constraints, and the social attributes should be integrated into ice and snow sports to resolve the inter-personal constraints.

Fu Lei, Liu Yue, and Yang Zhandong "Influence of Ice and Snow Sports Participation Experience on Participation Constraints Among Residents in Southern China: A Quantitative Analysis Based on Propensity Score Matching," Journal of Resources and Ecology 13(4), 624-634, (23 June 2022). https://doi.org/10.5814/j.issn.1674-764x.2022.04.008
Received: 15 October 2021; Accepted: 2 March 2022; Published: 23 June 2022
KEYWORDS
ice and snow sports
participation constraints
PSM
residents of Southern China
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