How to translate text using browser tools
14 September 2021 Examining the Effects of Microalgal Metabolites on Ciliary Activity of the Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica
Maria Rosa, J. Evan Ward, Sandra E. Shumway
Author Affiliations +

Suspension-feeding bivalve molluscs have evolved a highly effective mechanism for particle discrimination, which allows them to process efficiently the material to which they are exposed. The mechanisms controlling this preingestive sorting process have been described as either passive or active. Evidence of a passive selection mechanism has been demonstrated in several species of suspension-feeding bivalves. In contrast, to date there has been no evidence that active selection mechanisms underlay particle selection in bivalves, although the possibility of such mechanisms has been hypothesized numerous times. The present study was designed to examine active selection on the gill of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica. The gill was chosen for study because in oysters this organ is involved in particle selection. Two in vivo assays were designed in which the gill was exposed to dissolved cell exudate or extracts from the microalga Tetraselmis chuii, and the transport of polystyrene microspheres (25 µm) by the frontal cilia of the ordinary filament quantified by means of video endoscopy. Results demonstrated that the addition of exudates or extracts of T. chuii cells had no significant effect on the percentage of particles being transported dorsally (likely ingested) or ventrally (more likely rejected), and no differences in the number of particles in the ventral groove between control and experimental treatments. Results of follow-up experiments using covalently bound neoglycoproteins commonly found on cell surfaces of microalgal species demonstrated differences in transport of captured microspheres (10 µm, carboxylated) depending on the sugar type. Although chemoreception cannot be completely ruled out, these findings further indicate that physicochemical properties of particles, and not an active behavioral or physiological response (i.e., chemoreception of dissolved metabolites) by the animal, mediate particle selection in oysters.

Maria Rosa, J. Evan Ward, and Sandra E. Shumway "Examining the Effects of Microalgal Metabolites on Ciliary Activity of the Eastern Oyster Crassostrea virginica," Journal of Shellfish Research 40(2), 231-237, (14 September 2021).
Published: 14 September 2021
Crassostrea virginicia
suspension feeding
Get copyright permission
Back to Top