Before August 1998, in the Khanh Phu commune (central Vietnam), Anopheles minimus s.l. individuals were identified as species A and showed the typical species A wing form. After a significant decrease over the 3 years 1999–2001, an increase in 2002 of An. minimus s.l. possessing a different wing pattern was observed. To determine the specific status of the An. minimus species collected in 2002 and to follow changes in the species composition, an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction was applied to samples collected from 1993 to 2002. This study reports the first record of An. minimus C in central Vietnam and, since 1998, a significant reduction of An. minimus A that coincided with the wide use of permethrin-treated bednets. This change in anopheline composition may have important consequences on malaria transmission. This work shows that the geographic distribution of malaria vectors in southeast Asia is only partially known and highlights the importance of species identification for understanding changes in the vector composition as a result of selective vector control.
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Vol. 21 • No. 2